Safety Manual

Revised 2014

First Aid

It is important to apply quick and prudent first aid for any injury. Each work area shall be equipped with a first aid kit and individuals in the work area should be familiar with the items contained in that kit. It is the responsibility of each Department Head to see that the first aid kits are well stocked and in strategic locations. The Human Resources Office staff is available to assist in the locating and/or stocking of kits. Appendix L contains a recommended list of items to be contained in a standard first aid kit. Appendix M contains a copy of a First Aid booklet that is available for each first aid kit.

Below are standard procedures for common first aid emergencies:

Stopped breathing:

  • Call 9-1-1.
  • Position victim on back.
  • Open airway by tilting head back.
  • Check breathing.
  • Give 2 slow breaths cover victim’s mouth with your mouth, pinch nose shut.
  • Check pulse and breathing.
  • Give rescue breathing as needed one breath every five seconds.

Bleeding:

  • Call 9-1-1 if necessary.
  • Apply direct pressure to wound with dry, sterile cloth.
  • Elevate bleeding area if possible.
  • Apply cool compresses to area to help slow bleeding.

Severe bleeding can be as life threatening as stopped breathing. Immediate treatment is necessary.

Burns:

  • Flush the burned area with cool water for 15 minutes. Do not apply ice no burn cream/spray directly to the burn.
  • In the event of a severe burn, call 9-1-1.

Choking:

  • Ask victim if he/she is choking.
  • If victim can cough, speak or breathe do not administer the treatment; stay with the victim to monitor. If victim cannot cough, speak or breathe give back blows abdominal thrusts: Call 9-1-1
    1. Give 5 back blows. Bend the person forward at the waist and give 5 back blows between the shoulder blades with the heel of one hand.
    2. Give 5 abdominal thrusts. Place a fist with the thumb side against the middle of the person’s abdomen, just above the navel. Cover your fist with your other hand. Give 5 quick, upward abdominal thrusts.
    3. Continue Care. Continue sets of 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts until the: Object is forced out, Person can cough forcefully or breathe, Person becomes unconscious.

Heart Attack/Cardiac Arrest:

  • Recognize warning signs for heart attack and act quickly
    • Crushing feeling/pain in chest
    • Nausea
    • Sweating
    • Pain in either or both arms, jaw
  • If you suspect a heart attack, have victim sit quietly and call 9-1-1 immediately
  • If pulse is not present, begin CPR
  • If available, use Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
  • AEDs are located at the University Store Customer Service Desk and the Corporation Administration Building Reception area, in addition to Cal Poly Police vehicles

See appendix M for AED Operating Guidelines.

CPR should only be performed by trained rescuers. Enroll in a CPR class and learn the skills to save a life.